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Bethlehem (which means “house of bread”) is located about 6 miles (8.89 km) south of Jerusalem. In the Bible, Bethlehem is referred to the as the City of David. Both King David and his father, Jesse, were born in Bethlehem and the prophet Samuel anointed David to be the king of Israel in Bethlehem (1 Samuel 16:1-13). Both Matthew 2:1-11 and Luke 2:1-4 report Jesus was born in Bethlehem as prophesied in Micah 5:2.

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