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Caesar Augustus (born Gaius Octavius) was the founder, and first Emperor, of the Roman Empire. Augustus ruled the Roman Empire from 27 B.C. until his death in 14 A.D. On February 5, 2 B.C., he was bestowed the title “Pater Patriae” (Father of the Country). For most of Augustus’ rule over the Roman Empire, Herod the Great ruled over Judea, but did so as a client king who pledged allegiance to the Roman Empire and provided military assistance to Rome when requested to do so.

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