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The rib cage is part of the axial skeleton. The axial skeleton includes the bones of the head, spinal column and rib cage. According to the University of the Western Cape, the appendicular skeleton is comprised of the pelvic and shoulder girdles as well as the arms, legs, feet and hands that attach to them. Provide extensive surface area for the attachment of muscles that: a. adjjp ,ust the position of the head, neck and trunk b. perform respiratory movement The Appendicular Skeleton: The appendicular skeleton is composed of: (a) The pectoral or shoulder girdle, (b) The pelvic or hip girdle, (c) The forelimbs, and (d) The hind limbs. Many bones contain red marrow that is involved in hemopoiesis. Reference: 1.“Human Skeleton.” The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate. Just from $10/Page. (a) Pectoral Girdle: The pectoral girdle is a bony framework encircling the anterior part of the trunk. The axial skeleton forms the vertical, central axis of the body and includes all bones of the head, neck, chest, and back (). All skeletal structures belong to either the appendicular skeleton (girdles and limbs) or to the axial skeleton (skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage). The skeleton parts are described in two parts axial and appendicular. More bones are present at birth, which gradually fuse together as the body matures. The structures of the axial skeleton are critical to an organism's function. This course provides an in-depth review of the upper limb to enable the RMT to palpate various structures effectively. The axial skeleton is formed by the vertebral column, the rib cage, the skull and other associated bones. The skeletal system is divided into two parts: axial and appendicular skeleton. The functions of the axial skeleton are: 1. 4 5. Axial skeleton – the bones of the skull, spine, ribs and sternum Visceral skeleton – bone that forms part of an organ (such as the middle ear ossicles) Bones are organs composed of hard, mineralized tissue that provide structural support to the body. The axial skeleton includes the bones of the skull, face and spine along with the ribs and breastbone. The skeleton is subdivided into two major divisions—the axial and appendicular. The skeleton is divided into two parts. The human Skeletal System is the bony framework of the body. • Contains 80 bones • The axial skeleton serves as a framework that supports and protects organs, provides and extensive surface area for muscle attachment, and it also stabilizes and positions parts of the appendicular skeleton that support the limbs. Breathing, gathering sensory information, including by sight and hearing, and maintaining an upright posture all depend on the axial skeleton. it forms cavities and fossa e that protect some structures forms the joints and give attachment to muscles. The skeleton is subdivided into two major divisions—the axial and appendicular. Appendicular skeleton. B, Posterior view. On the other hand, the main function of the appendicular skeleton is the aiding in the movement of the body. A) provides an attachment for muscles that move the appendicular skeleton B) provides an attachment for muscles that move the head, neck, and trunk C) provides an attachment for the muscles involved in respiration D) provides protection for the brain and spinal cord In other words, all the bones apart from Axial bones are appendicular and they facilitate linkages for all the parts of the skeleton. There are 5 functions of the skeletal system in the body, three external and two internal. Their functions are to make locomotion possible and to protect the major organs of locomotion, digestion, excretion, and reproduction. The femur is an example of a long bone. (From Muscolino JE: Kinesiology: the skeletal system and muscle function, St Louis, 2006, Mosby, Figure 4-2.) The axial skeleton consists of four types of vertebrae (Figure 5.4).Most anteriorly is the single cervical vertebra that articulates with the occipital condyles of the skull. Upper body. Appendicular Skeleton of the human body is the limbs and appendages. The Axial Skeleton. Figure 2-1 An illustration of the human skeleton highlighting the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton (white). The appendicular skeleton, which is attached to the axial skeleton, is formed by the shoulder girdle, the pelvic girdle and the bones of the upper and lower limbs. The axial skeleton consists of the central core of the skull, spine, and ribs whilst the appendicular is … The skeleton can be divided into two parts known as axial and the appendicular. Functions of the Axial Skeleton. Unlike the axial skeleton, the appendicular skeleton is unfused. Skull. The skull provides protection for the brain , the vertebral column protects the spinal cord , and the thoracic cage protects the heart and lungs . The axial skeleton forms the central axis of the human body and includes the bones of the skull, the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone of the throat, the vertebral column, and the thoracic cage (ribcage). The skeleton has six main functions: Support – the skeleton keeps the body upright and provides a framework for muscle and tissue attachment. Skeletal and muscular systems The human skeleton provides several functions including support, protection, movement and making blood cells. Which of the following is a function of the axial skeleton? The internal functions are: blood cell production and storage. The adult axial skeleton consists of 80 bones. Create a framework to support and protect organs in the dorsal and ventral cavities 2. A, Anterior view. The axial skeleton forms a central axis that includes bones of the skull, hyoid, vertebral column, and thoracic cage. It serves to protect the brain, spinal cord, heart, and lungs. What is the Axial skeleton? It serves to protect the brain, spinal cord, heart, and lungs. 6. The Axial Skeleton. The bones form an extensive surface area for muscle attachment. The appendicular skeleton holds and supports the limbs of the human body, allowing humans to walk and manipulate things. The typical human skeleton consists of 206 bones in adults. In the upper body, the pectoral (shoulder) girdles are formed by the clavicles and scapulae. While the axial skeleton protects and supports the internal organs and the body as a whole, both work together to allow us to operate and function normally. Antagonistic muscles work against each other in pairs. It itself is subdivided into three groups: the skull, the vertebral-sound column, and the bony thorax-sound. The axial skeleton protects numerous vital organs and soft tissues of the body. It also serves as the attachment site for muscles that move the head, neck, and back, and for muscles that act across the shoulder and hip joints to move their corresponding limbs. The axial skeleton forms a framework for the organs of the ventral and dorsal body cavities. Function in a client-centred manner. Main Functions: Axial Skeletal bones are required mainly for Posture, Balance, and Stability. List the functions of the Axial Skeleton. Consequently, the main functions of the axial skeleton are supporting the upright position and protecting the internal organs. The axial skeleton, making up 80 of your 206 bones, encompasses all your upper body bones. 7-3 4. Together, these two skeletal systems make up an organism's complete skeleton, providing structure and support the organism and interacting with systems such as the muscles to allow an organism to move. Skeletal System – The axial skeleton is composed of the bones along the central axis of the body, • the skull • the vertebral column • the thoracic cage – The appendicular skeleton consists of the bones of the appendages • upper and lower limbs • the bones that hold the limbs to the trunk of the body. The external functions are: structure, movement and protection. The main functions of these bones are to provide support, protection, movement, storage, and aid in blood cell formation. The shaded part in the diagram is representing the axial skeleton. This is “human body bone names”. Bones of the axial skeleton also protect the spinal cord by completely surrounding it.

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