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Norway's coastline is one of the longest in the world, with the length recalculated in 2011 to account for complicated features like islets and fjords. Let’s make the exercise again but draw the line more precisely: Now we get 4 167.6 km … still far way from the 25 148 km. Most of the impact zones (15,100 km) are actively retreating, some of them in spite of coastal protection works (2,900 km). Norway: D = 1.52 Questions: The four countries listed above are shown below, rotated to make them less easy to recognize. ... See Whales, the Northern Lights, and Norway’s Pristine Beauty | Short Film Showcase. Resize; Like. So my coastline should be drawn again by taking into account the new details that come up. What if I had measured the coastline by zooming even more in until I come to the level of atoms ? The length of the coast for the countries of the world display: none !important; The CIA, for example, lists Norway as the second longest coastline in the world after Canada. 03:14 Greenpeace holds a historic performance with pianist Ludovico Einaudi on the Arctic Ocean (English) 571 Views. How long is the coastline of Australia? Severe coastal erosion will be a growing problem as rising sea levels and a reduction in sea ice allow higher waves and storm surges to reach the shore. Ok, I was not so precise as I draw the line. All in all, Norway's coastline has 63,000 miles of twisting land - which, as National Geographic points out, would circle the world two and a half times if stretched out. The aquaculture industry in Norway currently represents 60% (US$ 5.4 billion) of Norwegian seafood exports. A straight line along Norway's sea borders (the coastal perimeter) is 2,650 kilometers (1,650 mi) long. About twenty thousand kilometres of coasts, corresponding to 20% face serious impacts in 2004. The first recorded observation of this phenomenon was by Lewis Fry Richardson and it was expanded upon by Benoit Mandelbrot. Time limit is exhausted. (function( timeout ) { This results from the fractal-like properties of coastlines. There are a lot more details as you see! Here a quick example of a fractal (the Koch Snowflake): Benoit B. Mandelbrot worked on this paradox and released in 1967 a paper called “How Long Is the Coast of Britain? Along the coast there are many fjords, islands, and bays, resulting in a low-resolution coastline of over 25,000 kilometers (16,000 mi). How Long Is the Coast of Britain? Along some arctic coastlines, thawing permafrost weakens coastal lands, adding to their vulnerability (3). Coastal erosion results in three different types of impacts (or risks): Coastal erosion is influenced by several human factors, including (1): From an assessment of contemporary effective sea-level rise (ESLR) for a sample of 40 deltas distributed worldwide it was concluded that direct anthropogenic effects determine ESLR in the majority of deltas studied, with a relatively less important role for eustatic sea-level rise. Nearly 300 million people inhabit these deltas. notice.style.display = "block"; World Resources Institute measures the coastlines of the countries INCLUDING overseas islands The rst recorded observation of this phenomenon was by Lewis Fry Richardson and it was expanded by Benoit Mandelbrot. ... counterintuitive observation that the coastline of a landmass does not have a well-defined length is known as the coastline paradox. The coastline paradox, the idea that the perimeter of a land mass is infinite, appears to arise from certain assumptions in the article and incomplete data. But this is only a part of the story …. Search Cart. The coastline paradox is in fact a fractal problem in which the total length becomes more and more larger as much details becomes clear as we zoom in. Time limit is exhausted. Home; Catalog; Home; Catalog; Welcome to the Coastline Paradox Online Store! For the contemporary baseline, ESLR estimates range from 0.5 to 12.5 mm per year (4). Much more details and an enormous more work for us if we want to measure the coastline! }. The study includes the European deltas of Danube, Ebro, Po, Rhine, and Rhone. Coastline paradox The coastline paradox5 is the counterintuitive observation that the coastline of a landmass does not have a well-de ned length. In a previous blog, I wrote about 9 upsides of my first year in Norway.While it’s been a great experience, Norway isn’t all sunshine and roses. Norway attempted to stay neutral in World War II (like all other Nordic Countries) and remained so until the 9th of April 1940, when Germany invaded both Denmark and Norway as part of Operation Weserübung. Coastline Paradox: The coastline paradox says that the coastline of a piece of land does not have a finite length. At my first try of digitizing the coastline, I used straight lines which were about ~100km long. })(120000); timeout But believe it or not, no-one's quite sure how long the Norway coast really is. The coastline of Norway is formed along the Skagerrak, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Barents Sea. Use the relative roughness of each coastline to identify the country, and enter its name in the box below the image: [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] Decreased accretion of fluvial sediment resulting from upstream siltation of artificial impoundments and consumptive losses of runoff from irrigation are the primary determinants of ESLR in nearly 70% of the deltas. The World Resources Institute measures the coastlines of the countries INCLUDING overseas islands. By changing the zoom level, I make appear more details on the map. Basically the problem is defining what is meant by a coastline, which must, inherently, be arbitrary, and could produce a wildly different result depending on what standard you pick. The realm rejoices as Paradox Interactive announces the launch of Crusader Kings III, the latest entry in the publisher’s grand strategy role-playing game franchise. What if I had measured the coastline by zooming even more in until I come to the level of atoms ? Statistical Self-Similarity and Fractional Dimension, Tracking Sydney Ferries in real time with OpenSource GIS tools. The spectacular Norwegian coastline draws visitors in the millions every year. Like Norway (and perhaps maybe even more so), much of Chiles coast is made of up highly glaciated land (fiords, islands, etc). The Norwegian capital Oslo is the only urban area of the state. Wikipedia® is een geregistreerd handelsmerk van de Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk. It's not exactly a paradox- it's sometimes called the coastline problem, which is a better name, I think. Interesting subject for a thesis . Featured product Lake George Refrigerator Magnet Regular price $12.00 Sale price $12.00 Regular price. So, for measuring the most precisely a coastline, do I have to take into account all the little islands, the cracks, the fjords, etc. I would say it basically depends on the level of “straightness” of your coastline often represented by the Sinuosity Index in the case of a river (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinuosity). You cannot go further west in Norway. 418 Views. Norway does have plains and forested areas, mostly to the southeast and the northernmost part. The coastline paradox states that a coastline does not have a well-defined … Sale Sold out. Just a little precision: The “B” in the name “Benoit B. Mandelbrot”, stands for “Benoit B. Mandelbrot”, which “B” stands for “Benoit B. Mandelbrot”, which “B” stands for “Benoit B. Mandelbrot”, … funny isn’t it . According to this study, serious challenges to human occupancy of deltaic regions worldwide are conveyed by other factors than the climate change–sea-level rise (4). Most of the impact zones (15,100 km) are actively retreating, some of them in spite of coastal protection works (2,900 km). In addition, another 4,700 km have become artificially stabilised (1). In addition, another 4,700 km have become artificially stabilised (1). Coastline paradox The coastline paradox5 is the counterintuitive observation that the coastline of a landmass does not have a well-de ned length. This article is the first to address the legal implications of the coastline paradox. This considers only the mainland coastline and excludes Svalbard. .hide-if-no-js { The answer to the question “How long are coastlines?”  is: undefined! ... Also, keep the main naval assets outside the Norwegian coast on convoy-strikes to do as much damage as possible to any reinforcements. (2004). The country has a total coastline of around 19,924 km, and 23 states of the country have a coastline to call their own. The Coastline Paradox observes that the measure of the coastline of a landmass keeps getting bigger the smaller the unit used to measure it is, as seen here.. What I don’t understand is, why doesn’t the measurement approaches a number as the unit approaches zero? Use the relative roughness of each coastline to identify the country, and enter its name in the box below the image: [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] 0 items. The CIA World FactBook indicates 25 148 km. Travel off the beaten track to the Fjord Coast and get a taste of authentic coastal life. And neither the CIA World Factbook nor The World Resources Institute tells what they use as unit of measure. (2002), in: Salman et al. This is one difference. Over the past 50 years, the population living in European coastal municipalities has more than doubled to reach 70 millions inhabitants in 2001 and the total value of economic assets located within 500 meters from the coastline has multiplied to an estimated 500-1000 billion Euros in 2000 (1).  =  Collectively, the sampled deltas serve as the endpoint for river basins draining 30% of the Earth's landmass, and 42% of global terrestrial runoff. Extrapolating contemporary rates of ESLR through 2050 reveals that 8.7 million people and 28,000 km2 of deltaic area in the sample set of deltas could suffer from enhanced inundation and increased coastal erosion (4). The landscape of the Fjord Coast has been shaped through thousands of years. If the coastline of Britain is measured using units 100 km long, the total length of the coastline is approximately 2,800 km long whereas if … It's a problem known as the coastline paradox. function() { 2 Canada and Norway (the top 2 in that list) have a lot of "crinkly" bits -fjords, bays, inlets etc. The Coastline Paradox Explained ... Ovitra Astiana 49,878 views. The World Resources Institute uses the SAME scale and methodology for measuring all countries coastlines, making for a MUCH more accurate comparison. The coastline of Norway would then be infinite! The coastline paradox is the counterintuitive observation that the coastline of a landmass does not have a well-defined length. The Coastline Paradox Explained. 3D Printed Products Made in the Adirondacks! The United States of America is one of the largest countries of the world, and is composed of 50 states, fiver major territories, and several minor territories. About twenty thousand kilometres of coasts, corresponding to 20% face serious impacts in 2004. At my second try (more precise), straight lines were about ~50km at smallest. So what would be determined as the base line for legal bounderies mesurment?  ×  As you can see on the picture, if the unit of measure becomes smaller, so larger become the total coastline! What is known is that the CIA World FactBook numbers and scales used vary for all countries, thus making comparing the numbers worthless. That’s correct! Coastline Paradox. If I had taken a third source, I would have gotten a third different result…, The two lists are different because the CIA World Factbook takes the countries in their different subparts: Greenland is detached from Denmark, all the overseas territories of France are measured apart from the mainland, etc. It begins with an explanation of the coastline paradox and other, similar … Resize; Like. 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