We also fertilize heavily with fish emulsion and kelp. This is inspiring me to plant mums next year, a flower I have previously written off ð. And when gardeners try to transplant these mums into the ground late in the season, chances are they won't make it through winter and become perennial. For anyone who doesn’t know, you can read more here about King’s disruption of stock: http://myemail.constantcontact.com/2014-Shipping-Announcement.html?soid=1109510086072&aid=HBn2fE54XTE One of the only flowers I know that displays a true gold quality at the tip of its petals. The name truly fits this type of mum, which sprouts beautiful spoon-shaped petals. Plant Needs. If you choose early-, mid-, and late-blooming varieties, you will enjoy a full seven â¦ I think I a might need to grab a few more I missed. Leaf spots and powdery mildew are rarely fatal, but plants with other diseases should be removed and destroyed. I’ll put that up in the blog post as I forgot to mention it earlier. 1) Apricot Alexis Some mums are early bloomers, while others are mid-season bloomers or late-blooming varieties. For fall-planted mums to have a better chance of survival in cold areas, you need to give the roots and crown of the plant extra protection. I do not have any other mum suppliers that I have used, but you can be sure I’m currently on the hunt for some. Established plants should be lifted and divided every two to three years. Front Border, Middle Border, Container, Long Blooming. Early-blooming mums can be cut back or allowed to flower. Hi Jennie! What a treasure of knowledge!! While working at Longwood Gardens, one of the most renown hubs for mum production in the US, I learned the fine art of disbudding and pinching for highest quality blooms. ... Once the entire mum has stopped blooming in fall, cut the plant back to the ground. I use potting soil — ProMix BX to be exact. Jennie, You should definitely give them a try!! I”m speaking for mums out in the field. I do that with my dahlias and far prefer it over the netting! ð Hope that helps! Thank you so much for sharing! In the fall garden, chrysanthemums are the showstoppers, blooming prolifically well after other garden plants have called it quits for the season. This flower is very closely related to Scilla (Blue Siberian Squills). Water should drain freely through the soil and out the bottom of the pot when watering. Weekly feeding with a diluted water-soluble fertilizer can prolong the blooming. Generally, flowering will be most profuse if they are grown in full sun. Absolutely my number one favorite mum of all time! Like all mums, it’s got a very long shelf life. Ball Garden Mums are classified into Early, Mid, Late and Very Late flowering varieties. It’s super productive and the best of the many whites I’ve tried over the years. Try planting your plants out even earlier under a layer of Agribon for a little protection. It is crucial to provide nitrogen and potassium to chrysanthemums during their vegetative phase. Dear Barbara: There are early, mid-season and late mums and you can find the variety to suit your timing, but you probably will have to order it from a catalog or online nursery. I know, it’s truly heartbreaking. I think this is fabulous, like Peonies of the fall. Unfortunately, mums as cut flowers in the United States suffered quite a blow when flower production was globalized in the 70s and 80s. Mums set buds in response to day length, so avoid confusing them by planting where they might be exposed to bright nighttime light from a patio or window or even a streetlight. Tiny spikes of blue, purple, white, or violet flowers appear in late summer or early fall and are about 12" - â¦ Possibly one of my top five favorites of any flowers, particularly for wedding designs! wondering if you sell seeds or plants at all? Thank you Jenny! 10) Seatons J Dore White mums seem to be especially prone to aphid pressure. This cultivar has been at the farm since we started growing mums and will be there until we stop. It is an excellent way to double your plants for free. These newly rooted cuttings also get pinched as they grow . You’ve probably wrinkled your nose at the idea of mums in any bouquet other than the ones you grab at the market while shopping for dinner ingredients. As the petals open, they soften to a lavender tone that is beyond lovely when mixed with Candid and Apricot Alexis, as well as late season dahlias like Cafe au Lait and Voodoo. The flowers are 1" acrossâpurple and pink varieties are on the market. My mum knowledge is hugely lacking. Pick a Healthy Mum Our rooted cuttings from King’s are grown on in four inch pots in the heated greenhouse from March through May. If you choose to move the plants, do so before the first hard freeze. This one will hear \"hardâ¦ We â¦ It’s really a great color though for fall and I prefer it to a true coral anyway. A Belgian Mum® will do most of itâs growing between sunrise and 11am. Hugs! This is not a problem in warmer climates, where a bit of deadheading will satisfy most mums after bloom, but in areas with sub-zero winters, perennial plants need strong roots to anchor them into the ground. I would love to grow Moira Chrysanthemums in my garden (from being swayed by the pictures on this page!) As the spring flowers die back, the mums will fill in and hide their unattractive fading foliage. To bypass this problem in hotter climates, look for cultivars with higher heat tolerance. This is why it is important to irrigate in the early morning to get the maximum growth. Therefore, a heat delay in early season cultivars can be partially overcome by providing a 10-hour day (14-hour night). Though some varieties are invasive, Liriope Muscari is a clumping type. With this fertilizer, you might only need to feed the plants once. Mums prefer some humidity, but if the humidity is high, make sure they have good air circulation to prevent rot or disease. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: There are also shorter, mounding varieties of mums generally grouped as "cushion" mums. These should be watered daily. Mums sprout in early spring and then start to grow in a bush-like fashion, sometimes. I just put up a post on them on my blog nothing to compare with yours, just a little ode to their beauty…all so lovely. In addition to cold hardy varieties, there are early, mid and late blooming varieties of mums. As you might expect with a flower that's been in cultivation for so long, the pedigree of garden mums is impossible to trace. The cushion habit of mums, a genetic discovery of Experiment Station mum breeders, was the basis for the U of M's first plant patent, in 1977, for 'Minngopher.' Mum colors include white, yellow, pink, orange, red, burgundy, cream, salmon, and bi-color. We are cutting heavily from the mums from the last week of October to the third week in November. Awards 'Warm Igloo' - University of Georgia Best of the Best. . I’m in Colorado in zone 5. I was also thrilled to see I chose so many of the cultivators you mentioned above. King’s is just gonna have to ramp up production after this post ð. As the plants grow, they are pinched at about four or five inches tall. Very productive with long slender stems. Apricot Alexis would surely be an excellent crop for growers selling to high-end event florists. Instead of Hortonova, they were using 10′ long metal concrete reinfocement panels with the long sides bent down at 90 degree angles and then placed over the beds as their growing supports. Starts blooming Early September in the North and Mid September in the South. Mums do contain substances that are toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, so take care to plant them where they won't tempt curious animals. ... exciting mum varieties blooming at Robin Hollow Farm yesterday afternoon. I just got my order from the new King’s Mums and was so excited to come back and revisit your post to see what I should do with my plugs. I never really found them pretty. Get ideas for decorating with mums and other plants for fall. When fully open, it has a large cushion in the middle. One of the only flowers I know that displays a true gold quality at the tip of its petals. When garden centers sell blooming potted mums in the fall, they are usually used as annuals and discarded when the blooms fade. There are over 5,000 varieties of mums in cultivation. You’ve converted me – I’m crazy about mums now!! Mocha’s soft toffee color helps it bridge the gap between weird/funky and elegant. If youâre using chrysanthemums for a pop of fall color to boost your late season garden, plant them when theyâre blooming in later summer or early fall and treat them as annuals. Mums require a lot of water. A very reliable producer, it’s great grown as a spray with long enough laterals that you can split the main stem apart to use smaller side stems in centerpieces. It takes a considerable amount of effort to manipulate this genetic trait to be able to take advantage of the very early and late-season sale opportunities. If we wanted earlier bloom production for some reason, we would not do this second pinch. Give the pot a good watering until it flows out of the bottom of the pot. and you never know…maybe next year the dreaded gladiola will make a comeback :)))), Too funny, Betsy! When growing in a pot, water the soil surface, using a watering can, until moisture begins to drain from the bottom of the pot (make sure the pot has drainage holes). In a small study we performed with three Cheryl mum varieties, which are late season varieties, plants grown at a day and night temperature of 95 and 77 F flowered at the same time whether the photoperiod was 10 or 12 hours long. Early-blooming mums usually flower during the month of September. They are quite abundant, and we use Pure Spray Green as an organic control. Awesome, Kelly! The plants get a second hard pinch in July, pinching all the branches down to about two sets of leaves to encourage even more branching. The buds are huge and a true purple; great for corsages and boutonnieres. When we have more hoop house space, we’ll grow many more inside as wind and rain are hard on mums. We have overwintered mums in the hoop house with pretty solid success. After the blooms fade, cut the plants down to about 6 inches, and cover them with straw or another dry mulch to protect the roots over winter. My second favorite mum of all time, the rich ruby red of this bloom is unlike any other I’ve seen. Early bloomers will be in full flower in mid-summer while late-season bloomers will begin to show color in late summer to early fall. Otherwise you may experience a high mortality rate due to root rot, rather than frost. Hardy from zones 4-10. From late spring to mid-summer, pinch back the tips and flower buds on all shoots to make the plant bushier and prepare it for a dramatic fall show. we never order mums – but these I want! If youâre using a mum as a perennial, plant in early spring, or in the fall at least six weeks before the first killing frost. It is an early bloomer so if you’re considering it for Thanksgiving sales, make sure you have a cooler so you can hold it a week or two if needed. Bloom times vary with variety and climate from early September through mid-October. When selecting varieties, there's wide range of types to pick from: decorative, daisy, and low-growing cushion mums as well as early-blooming anemones, quills, and spiders. Many varieties of garden mums have been bred. Those slender stems do mean that it’s prone to toppling in heavy storms. Soil should remain moist, but not soggy. Our November weddings and Thanksgiving centerpieces are heavily reliant on the mums. I’m in Michigan! They like a soil pH slightly on the acidic side. Spider mums are incredibly unique but sometimes tricky to use in wedding floral designs. Common diseases include botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, stem and root rots, verticillium wilt, aster yellows, and viruses. Stems are long and it grows wonderfully as a spray with all the blooms at pretty much the same level on each stem. Unfortunately, mums as cut flowers in the United States suffered quite a blow when flower production was globalized in the 70s and 80s. To repot, choose a container that is a little bigger than the last container. One of my favorite places. Required fields are marked *. Mocha would be best in a hoop house. Really helpful to know good varieties and that you don’t disbud. Repotting is the single most important thing you can do to increase the longevity of your mums. There is one tragic downside to Apricot Alexis that is important to note. Mums do best in moderate climate conditions. I would surely think Honeyglow and Lynn Johnson would be good bets for you as they bloom early. Growing & Marketing Advice Break up any roots you can, but do not damage the roots. The full bloom is large and lush with coloring that pairs beautifully with Seatons J Dore, Honeyglow, and anything orange. All garden mum varieties have their genetically determined flowering time under natural day conditions. The only major pest we’ve really experienced on the mums to date are aphids. Your classic orange mum, Honeyglow is ridiculously productive and easy to grow. This system works for us but may not work for every farm depending on the end consumer. Thanks for such an informative post about varieties and growing techniques for these beauties! Unfortunately, the mums for sale in garden centers in the fall have been coddled in nurseries and coaxed to set buds for September blooms. The "Minn" series of cushion mums are early bloomers and also come in a variety of colors. This short-lived perennial plant is usually treated as an annual for providing color in early-season flower beds, containers, and window boxes.Petals can be just about any color from white to almost black, and everything in between. I loved having the mums, but I needed to find a better balance in my life so I decided to shave a few weeks off my sales and have a little more peace and quiet in my life. It’s a definite “must” for anyone growing for autumn farmers markets or wholesale. If plants are dry in the morning make sure to irrigate thoroughly and evenly. You can propagate mums several ways: division, seeds, and cuttings. Cool temperatures donât bother mums, either. 4) Seatons Ruby The most popular of the spoon mums is âKimieâ, showing off golden yellow petals in a single row around a tight center disk. I loved this blog post and bought my farm a large variety from King Mums and I am so sad to hear they won’t be able to have their season this year. I’m officially inspired to experiment with growing some mums next season! and so the cycle continues so we have a massive number of plants by the time we plant them out in the field (usually the first week of May). This is so helpful, thanks! Patty. Most mums are completely root-bound when you get them. How many cuttings per variety do you start with to propagate from and how many plants do you end up setting out from that number? ð That being said, I think corralling the mums would work fine. Mums can make a wonderful impact in containers. As flowers became bred to withstand long distance shipping and rough handling in super markets, the thousands of unique mum cultivars available got nit picked over until only a handful of super sturdy (boring) button mums and even fewer “football” mums remained in mass production for cutting. A lesser known but very hardy, early-blooming type, Chrysanthemum rubellum-- particularly the varieties 'Clara Curtis' and 'Mary Stoker' -- are top choices for gardeners in USDA Zones 4 and 5. That way any new growth forced by the nutrients will not be in danger of damage from icy weather. However, in warm climates, the plants often appreciate some shade during the heat of the afternoon. You will rarely find named mums in garden centers. There are many blooms on each main stem, but we can cut each large cluster apart and use the shorter side stems in centerpieces. Your email address will not be published. When fully open, it has a large cushion in the middle. Is there another source you recommend? Flowers very nicely as a spray. Regular sprays are important as buds begin to form since the aphids like to snuggle down in the unfolding petals. Start a feeding cycle in March, April, or May, depending upon your zone. In fact, chilly weather intensifies colors and keeps blossoms looking fresh until a hard, killing frost drops the curtain on the gardening year. Some of the varieties include Icy Isle, which looks just like the yellow-and-white daisy, and the Fire Island, which consists of a yellow center and red petals that have yellow stripes. Extreme heat can cause the plants to struggle. I bet gladiola are gonna make their come back one day! This means that some of the water or â¦ The color is a really nice warm tone so it mixes nicely with Candid and Seatons Ruby for autumn centerpieces. It’s a red that actually works wonderfully for weddings. I’m afraid we no longer grow mums at our farm and so we don’t have any cuttings. Uses & Attributes. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. The new European-style Prophets Series â from Greenhouse Grower , an Ohio-based wholesale breeder and nursery â boasts more than 100 blossoms per plant. Thank you for spending the time to demystify mums for me. That's especially true when you pair them with other late-season bloomers, such as sedum, goldenrod, Russian sage, asters, and gaillardia. All of the following are available from King’s Mums. Harvesting through the netting is tough so I’m still weighing the pros and cons of different supports for cut production. Garden mums (Chrysanthemum spp.) Thank you so much for posting and sharing this incredible knowledge!
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