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Morrison DA: The Kugaluk Site and the Nuvorugmiut: The Archaeology and History of a Nineteenth-Century Mackenzie Inuit Society. Translate a word of your choice into Canadian Inuit language. The word repeated by the hare had stronger magic than the fox’s word. a fox can dig through deep snow very rapidly, sending up a spray of snow that Fox was generally trapped in winter, sometimes starting as early as the end of September; however the official fox trapping season was from December first to April fifteenth [16, 34, 35]. Mackenzie Inuvialuit and Belcher Island Inuit are reported to have consumed small quantities of arctic fox [48, 49]. 23. Edited by Helm J. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1981: 602-607. edn. Edited by Walker DE, Jr. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1998: 253-270. edn. Inuit word for coal. They are also great scavengers, and Inuit food caches had to be built carefully to prevent tiriganiarjuk from stealing the food. Willowdale, ON: Firefly Books; 1999. The trapping season for arctic fox was December to March [60]; men would establish permanent trapping camps to hunt during this time [35]. Third, verbs are indicated by the ending "-uq" on the Eskimo word and "-s" on the English gloss. Rogers ES, Leacock E: Montagnais-Naskapi. It is often said that the Inuit have dozens of words to refer to snow and ice.Anthropologist John Steckley, in his book White Lies about the Inuit (2007), notes that many often cite 52 as the number of different terms in Inuktitut.This belief in a high number of words for snow and ice has been sharply criticized by a large number of linguists and anthropologists. Antonyms for Inuit. 28. 16.Other Men. Words were created and, because these words had never been used before, they contained very powerful magic. American Indian jewelry Tongva Gabrielino Mukat Massachusets Native tattoos Stockpiled Edited by Walker DE, Jr. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1998: 283-288. Batdorf C: Northwest Native Harvest. American Indian jewelry Tongva Gabrielino Mukat Massachusets Native tattoos Traditionally, pitfalls or deadfalls were used to capture arctic fox. Winter diet consists of carrion, small mammals, and ptarmigan. 17.Man's First Grief. 22. edn. that whenever the foxes are too numerous they usually get some disease like Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center; 1979. 5 letter words INUIT 6 letter words ESKIMO The Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) is the most cold-adapted member of the dog family with a circumpolar distribution mainly above 60º N. In North America, they occur along Arctic coastal areas and extend southward across Northwest Territories and eastward up to northern Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland. (Some English glosses need a helping verb as "is happy" ). Miller J: Middle Columbia River Salishans. The Netsilik, Eyak, Middle Columbia River Salish, Tlingit, Spokane, Kalispel, Huron and Ingalik set traps, snares, deadfalls on trails or used arrows to kill fox [1, 10, 14, 31-33, 41, 42]. The Inuit were mainly hunters, and relied heavily on the animals of the Arctic as their main source of food. 8. Inuit from Cape Dorset feel that it could be either a traditional or a modern word. 15. Inuit; and (b) its use is widespread in Native communities in Alaska.) The swift fox (Vulpes velox), also known as the kit fox, is the smallest wild North American member of the dog family, including wolves and coyotes. In the end, Edited by Helm J. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1981: 169-189. Boas F: The Central Eskimo. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 431-436. They produce one litter, of 6-10 pups per year, born in the den, after around 50 days of gestation. edn. This was a 15 month plus journey to discover the face of reality as expressed in the world of nature and human cultures on the face of this planet. Another method involved building stone or ice wells that were baited. Speck FG, Dexter RW: Utilization of animals and plants by the Micmac Indians of New Brunswick. 21.What Happened to the Lone Woman of St. Michael. when the world was young and light had only just been created, the fox argued Rogers ES: Subsistence Areas of the Cree-Ojibwa of the Eastern Subarctic: A Preliminary Study. 61. Ottawa: Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources; 1963. 18.Up to the Top of the Sky, and Down to the Bottom of the Sea. For example, at Eskimo Point (now Arviat), the animal was trapped and sold to the Hudson’s Bay Company [53]. In: Across the Sub-Arctic of Canada. Box 1340 Iqaluit, NU X0A 0H0 Phone: 867•975•8400 Toll-free: 1•800•667•2742 Fax: 867•979•3238 47. Bitch (female dog) — Annaligiak. Surrey, B.C: Hancock House Publishers Ltd.; 1990. Birket-Smith K, DeLaguna F. In: The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska. Jissika: Inuit form of Jessica. 33. Inuit hunter with bow and arrow: Making muktuk: Hunting To find out more about Pirurvik, our programs and services, visit Similarly, the Okanagan and Southwestern Chippewa traveled to lodges or hunting grounds in winter to trap small animals, including fox [28, 30]. 1. Fox traps were often set by Inuit women although men would also share the task when they were not occupied with large game hunting activities [43]. ILA f Inuit Yupik word for "companion" or "associate." 18. The Thompson caught fox by forcing them out of their dens with fire or digging them out [29]. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 1951, 41(8):250-259. Adult red foxes typically weigh 4.8 kg and roam on individual territories, as large as 3,400 hectare in northern part of their range. edn. Nicolaysen R: Arctic Nutrition. Back to the Inupiaq language homepage Back to the American Indian Words homepage Back to the Amerind language homepage. The arctic fox figures in several Inuit legends, 25. For example, when Tiriganiaq, the fox, met Ukaliq, an Arctic hare, the fox said, "Dark, dark," … Edited by Ray PH. In: The Social Economy of the Tlingit Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press; 1964. 56. In Northwestern Alaska, trappers built a small snow house over bait and placed a steel trap in the entrance that would catch the fox when it stepped toward the house [51]. 9. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12: Plateau. Ottawa: Northern Co-ordination and Research Centre, Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources; 1959. 0: Olwen. Victoria: British Columbia Department of Education; 1966. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6: Subarctic. 31. foxes always crowded around. 0: Zeus. A 6. Inuit games are traditional activities and sports enjoyed across all circumpolar countries, including Canada, the United States, Greenland and Russia. 44. Henriksen G: Davis Inlet, Labrador. Red fox became an important commercial and subsistence resource with the introduction of metal traps [57]. 37. Wilson DE, Ruff S: The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. edn. IMONA f Inuit Meaning unknown at this point in time. In addition to using the fur, Micmac used the fat as an ointment and the ulna was used to make awls [63]. Kobenhavn: Levin & Munksgaard; 1938. They usually den in burrows, rock caves, or hollow logs, but are active year-round. By this time, foxes had grown Nights are spent hunting for their preferred prey, which includes various species of small mammals, small birds, reptiles, and insects [2]. It was common to find arctic fox in Northwestern Alaska, especially if food was nearby [51]. QIA is one of three Regional Inuit Associations affiliated with Nunavut Tunngavik Inc.; the other associations include the Kitikmeot Inuit Association and the Kivalliq Inuit Association. Indeed, the fur of the red fox was thought to be important to the Nuvorugmiut, and archeological evidence at the Kugaluk site confirms that it was caught to a small extent [50]. For more Inuktitut animal names and to hear Inuktitut children pronouncing them, go to Awesome Arctic Animals. Fitzhugh WW: Paleo-Eskimo Cultures of Greenland. He suspected that the fox was after food. 47 No. I’m waiting…) Iktsvarpok = Inuit for “To go outside and check if an expected visitor has arrived, over and over again.” I’ve decided to interpret this last word as an Inuit definition of insanity. Inuit of Hopedale, Labrador caught arctic fox at key locations [54]. 13. These games broadly serve two main purposes: survival and recreation or celebration. 36. 17. The Plains Cree are reported to have eaten swift fox [7]. For the Attawapiskat Cree, fox was an emergency food eaten only in times of starvation or famine [19, 21]. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 463-475. IÑUKSUK m Yupik, Greenlandic, Inuit Means "that which acts in the capacity of a human" in Inuktitut. Addison RF, Zinck ME, Smith TG: PCBs have declined more than DDT-group Residues in Arctic Ringed Seals (Phoca Hispida) between 1972 and 1981. Murdoch AM: Mammals. Hitty: A form of Hiti. Like a lemming, not one could be caught. They feel it was made up during the 1950’s when printmaking was introduced and somebody tried to translate the word … 49. edn. Fox symbols and totem medicine: cleverness, agility, play, feminine empowerment. You can find more Aleut words in our online picture glossaries. Ritzenthaler RE: Southern Chippewa. Fox brings the spirit animal energies of : mischief, magic, opportunity. Fox trapping took place mostly in the winter, even during the In: Eskimos. In: Athapaskan Women: Lives and Legends. Toronto: The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited; 1957. It means hyena. Gabriel L: Food and Medicines of the Okanakanes. Inuit of Hopedale, Labrador are reported to have caught red fox, referred to locally as colored fox [54] and the Chipewyan trapped red fox in the boreal forest area [23]. Please find below many ways to say fox in different languages. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 577-583. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. Foxes were helpful to Inuit in their Vanstone JW, Oswalt W: The Caribou Eskimos of Eskimo Point. In: People and Caribou in the Northwest Territories. 40. blubber or other food served as bait for the traps. 42. Christensen J: Nutrition. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada; 1981. 24. — Adlak. edn. The Fox Spirit is a diversified creature in folktales. Toronto: Coles Publishing Company; 1973. Arctic fox was occasionally eaten by Inuit and became an important economic resource when nearby trading posts were established [39]. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. The trap could be reset many times to capture multiple fox. When Fox appears in a story, the beast seems to slip into many roles as the circumstances dictate. They are also great scavengers, and Inuit food caches had In: Contributions to the Ethnography of the Kutchin. edn. Ikiaq: Red spruce in Inuit language. They are associated with forested habitats and smaller-sized prey including rodents and small birds. Arctic fox - upper group represents winter (left) and summer (right) coloration of inland foxes; coastal foxes are light gray in winter (left) and darker gray in summer (right), Credit: IUCN 2009. Like other members of the dog family, foxes have a pointed muzzle with long canine teeth, dense fur, a big bushy tail, and large erect ears. Although silver fox pelt was found in Northwestern Alaska, it is thought that it was probably acquired through trade [51]. Black bear meat. I began this blog in January of 2010 and reflected on one poem of Mary's a day. The reason this language family has so many words for snow is that of polysynthesis. Peel River Kutchin (Gwich’in), Crow River Kutchin and Tahltan trapped cross foxes for their fur and consumed fox during times of famine [23, 40]. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. For the Inuit, the Sun is generally seen as a woman, and the Moon as a man. In: The Chipewyan of The Stony Rapids Region; a study of their changing world with special attention focused upon caribou. Red foxes form monogamous couples that mate between December and March, and produce around 5 pups that are born in a den about 50 days later. Whenever anyone used words, strange things would happen. Gilberg R: Polar Eskimo. Ottawa: National Musems of Canada; 1974. Contributions of Ethnology V 1967, No. Whenever a silu, Snow JH: Ingalik. Rogers ES: Equipment for Securing Native Foods and Furs. Inuit traded the pelts of cross foxes, a color variant of red foxes, until the 1960s [59]. a compromise was reached and time was divided into dark and light periods. Adults typically weigh 2.1 kg and live in family groups on a territory with more than 15 dens, where they spent most day light hours. Forsyth A: Mammals of North America: Temperate and arctic regions. For the Inuit, the Sun is generally seen as a woman, and the Moon as a man. second legend tells of an Arctic hare that married a female fox. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press; 1961: 54-86. edn. In: The Roles of Men and Women in Eskimo Culture The University of Chicago Publications in Anthropology Ethnological Series. 14.The First Man. An Inuit word that means "snow angels" which is a way that they picture the Polar Bear. Balikci A: Game Distribution. 32. "From the time of my childhood I have noticed Arctic foxes are prolific food cachers during period of resource abundance, which provides an important additional food source in winter. Black bear (Ursus americanus). Mandelbaum DG: The Plains Cree: An Ethnographic, Historical, and Comparative Study, vol. Central Siberian Yupik has 40 such terms, while the Inuit dialect spoken in Canada's Nunavik region has at least 53, including matsaaruti, for wet snow that can be used to ice a sleigh's runners,.. Many Inuit, Peel River Kutchin, Crow River Kutchin and Tahltan trapped fox primarily for the fur [23-25]. McFadyen Clark A: Koyukon. Today, the word titirtugait is very fascinating to Inuit like me. 30. Traditionally, foxes were trapped for meat and pelts, which could be made into 22.Why the Moon Waxes and Wanes. edn. The fox, however, prefers to Traditional trapping methods included many variations of deadfalls, pitfalls, and snares; however these were quickly replaced with metal traps when they became available [39, 40]. D'Anglure BS: Inuit of Quebec. Elisapee: Elisapee is a spelling variation of Elisapie. 1966). In: Sixteen Years in the Indian Country The Journal of DW Harmon. to the Inuit. Since very little vegetation could survive in the Arctic climate, the Inuit could not depend solely on plants for food. North American foxes include the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), the red fox (V. vulpes), and the swift fox (V. velox). Arctic 1996, 49 (3):256-264. thick, warm fur that was prized for clothing. The trapping season for red fox was primarily from December to March [60]. Black beetle — Minnguk. Author: Azareal. GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES OF PLACES IN THE ARTIC This is a list of lexemes rather than of words. Thank you for visiting this site! edn. 11. edn. Aleut is an Eskimo-Aleut language, related to other languages like Inuktitut and Yup'ik. 45. 9. The Tutchone began to trap at the end of September, while the Montagnais of Lake Melville moved to fox hunting grounds in October [27, 36]. What are synonyms for Inuit? edn. 63. the Inuit compare to the spouting of a whale (Randa 1994). Poetically, the arctic fox is known as "the little white one", to differentiate it from nanuq, the polar bear, "the great white one". Inuit are generally thought to have regarded arctic fox as emergency food [35], with some using the meat as dog food [61]. Volume 1st edition, edn. Isapoinhkyaki: Singing crow woman. Cultures reported to also trap fox included Tutchone, Okanagan, Chippewa (Anishinabek), Thompson (N'laka'pamux), Eyak, Middle Columbia River Salish, Tlingit, Spokane, Kalispel, Mistissini Cree and Quebec Inuit [1, 26-34]. Prior to the fur trade and contact with Europeans, arctic fox was hunted occasionally for the meat and fur [35, 57]; however by the 1960s Inuit focused on the pelt/fur, fashioning neck warmers out of the tails and selling the pelts for cash [23, 35, 58], making arctic fox an important economic resource for Inuit [59]. was because there were lots of lemmings for the foxes to eat. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 119-135. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1978: 368-383. Poetically, the arctic fox is known as "the little white one", to In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6: Subarctic. Find an Inuit name that reflects its breed's heritage and personality. In: The Central Eskimo. edn. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 477-498. edn. Rhodos: The Greenland Society with the support of The Carlsberg Foundation and The Ministry for Greenland; 1971: 75-113. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1978: 743-747. They are opportunistic in their feeding habits and small mammals are their staple food, but they also feed on birds, fruits, invertebrates, and carrion [2]. Prior to contact with Europeans, fox was not hunted as frequently, but became more important when the fur trade developed [35]. Elberg N, Hyman J, Hyman K, Salisbury RF: Not By Bread Alone: The Use of Subsistence Resources among James Bay Cree. – some years there were too many foxes to handle, while at other times 19. 51. Arctic Although red fox pelt was found in Northwestern Alaska, it is thought that they were probably only acquired through trade [51]. were expected to vary in number and location – sometimes they were present, always seems to be trotting off somewhere. The Micmac ate fresh fox meat and also smoked it. Wein EE, Freeman MMR, Makus JC: Use of and preference for traditional foods among the Belcher Island Inuit. Usuk = Inuktitut/Inuit for “penis” (Go ahead, make my arctic day by leaving the anticipated comment. Inuit Culture. one of which speaks about the creation of night and day. Ottawa: National Musem of Man; 1979: 26-41. In: Vunta Kutchin Social Change A Study of the People of Old Crow, Yukon Territory. In contrast, the Huron, who had limited access to meat, relished fox, which was eaten several times a year at feasts [21]. Bite off pieces with your teeth — Mikiak. Your husky is affectionate, friendly with dogs and people, intelligent, and athletic. Okanagan Historical Society Annual Report 1954, No. 4. Unlike other meats, Inuit did not eat raw fox meat; it was boiled for at least an hour. The Round Lake Ojibwa (Anishinabek), Micmac (Mi'kmaq) and James Bay Cree at Eastmain and Paint Hills were known to consume small amounts of fox flesh and the North Alaska Coast Inupiat, Netsilik Inuit, Aleut and Dene supplemented their typical diet with fox meat [13-20]. Inuit is the Eastern Canadian Inuit (Inuktitut) and West Greenlandic (Kalaallisut) word for "the people". 18:21-29. Saying fox in African Languages. Edited by Hall E. Yelloknife: Department of Renewable Resources Government of th Northwest Territories; 1989: 43-50. 50. search for seal dens in the spring, because the foxes, also hunting young seal Arctic fox became an even more important resource with the introduction of metal traps [57]. Fox was appreciated more for its pelt quality than its food value [1]; nevertheless, the animal was a source of sustenance for Koyukon and Inuit [2, 3]. 1st edition. Rogers ES: The Quest for Food and Furs: The Mistassini Cree, 1953-1954. B.C.’s homegrown hero, Terry Fox, is the top choice among Canadians for the face of the new five dollar bill, according to a new poll. 4:350-360. Most young do not survive their first winter and most adults die before they are 4 years old. 1. Their fur is especially thick with high insulation capacity making them extremely resistant to cold; shivering commences only when temperature goes below -70º C. Most continental populations of arctic foxes are white in winter and grayish or dark brown in summer. Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Inuktitut Words (Eskimo, Inuit) Welcome to our Inuktitut vocabulary page! Inuit people are strict followers of animism, which explains their love for spiritual names, such as Nuliajuk, which means a ‘woman with a fin, who is the leader of all the seals in the sea’, Ijiraq, which means ‘caribou like spirit’, and Nanurluk, which is the name of a mythical, large polar bear. 57. edn. Like caribou, foxes to be built carefully to prevent tiriganiarjuk from stealing the food. It is the word being used for “printmaking”. edn. The raven, who sees better in the daylight, With the arrival of European fur traders, the arctic fox acquired a new importance Edited by Lamb WK. They rely extensively on their highly sensitive sense of smell, sight, and hearing to find food [1]. Webster GS: Northern Iroquoian Hunting: An Optimization Approach. It means my God is an oath. Look at the words marked 1.

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