... which accepts a realist ontology, but pairs that with an anti-realist epistemology. The actual is only a part of the real world, which also consists of non-actualised possibilities and unexercised powers of the already existing structures and mechanisms that are transfactually efficacious in open systems. Constructivism, on the other hand, is an epistemological position. objective, or you accept that reality is only subjective (anti-realist). Realist positions have been defended in ontology, metaphysics, epistemology, the philosophy of science, ethics, and the theory of truth. I'm still struggling with the different paradigms, approaches, designs etc. In- If there was nothing, however, I wouldn't see people or other stuff or anything at all, because there would be nothing there to see. In a sense the question could be reframed as: why is there something that can conceive of 'nothing vs something' as opposed to there not being anything that can conceive ... aka 'the hard problem' and hence the attempt to resolve it with Idealism, positing the primacy of Mind. Things exist only in relation to something (anything) else. There's you and I, and the world which we inhabit, and everything in it. inist psychology (Riger, 1992); however, relativist ideas can increasing-ly be found in many areas of psychology. Show More. 'Realist', unqualified typically refers to the position that there is an existence independent of human mind. While difficult to get past the bias that there needs to be something, it turns out there is no difference. You still agree? Despite the seeming straightforwardness of the realist position, in the history of philosophy there has been continuous debate about what is real. I am having trouble distinguishing this 'clear line' between epistemology and ontology vis-a-vis this mathematical structure and you would need to explain this further. Similarly, we don’t require objective existence to relate to other parts of the structure. Interpretivism and positivism are two popular research paradigms.To understand both, it is best to start with understanding what research paradigm means. Another variation on this position are known as Critical Realism, which accepts a realist ontology, but pairs that with an anti-realist epistemology. According to Guba the relativist position implies that there are multiple interpretations of reality, locally and historically specific and none of these ... based on realist ontology, asserts that reality is driven by immutable natural laws. 13 is prime, and doesn’t require objective existence to be prime. Nominalists offer a radical definition of reality: there are no universals, only particulars. And why the perceiver perceives at all? As for the idea of 'nothing', the very act of giving it a name -- i.e. And talking about it at all implies some 'state' that can think and talk about it, therefore denying its nothingness. Is it a suitable worldview for mixed methods research design? - are next examples how the indeed philosophy helps indeed sciences. Pragmatism Paradigm, has anyone adopted it in his/her thesis? What is the difference between Ontology and Epistomology? Consequently, every departure from realism, the philosophy which I defend, is a step towards accommodating some views characteristic of relativism. The main ontological positions are Materialism and Idealism. The real are the unobservable mechanisms that cause events. the research topic is : Exploring authentic leadership in relation to organizational development of public and private sector university in Pakistan. What if there wasn’t? That are ontological problems, which cannot and aren’t answered in the mainstream; and so any epistemological problem principally is unresolvable. Not only is the set of things that exist an empty set, but that set itself doesn't exist. Philosophers and researchers often distinguish between three competing theories of justification referred to as realist, contextualist, and relativist positions that are relevant to a better understanding of epistemological and ontological research [1, 5, 15, 16, 46, 61, 73]. This seeming paradox has been brought up in many threads, including the cosmological argument for God, but they all seem like rationalizations. What is difference between the qualitative analyses of contents and the ground theory? In particular, rather than worrying about the existence of a "real world" that exists outside of human experience, the pragmatists focus on a world of actions and consequences -- where the key question would be what difference it makes to act one way rather than another. Im currently working on my MA dissertation and im writing about epistemology and theoretical perspectives. I am not aware of mr. Crotty's take, but constructivism can either be realist or anti-realist. This is a way of assuring the validity of research through, the use of a variety of methods to collect data on the same topic, which. I have decided that Constructionism is going to be my epistemology, after I read Crotty (1998). So I noticed the question presumes there is something. I think I'd like to take this offline and start a new thread since it only has small bearing on Wayfarer's OP. Going back to the discussion, what is an subjectivist ontology with an inductive epistemology. What is triangulation of data in qualitative research? In the beginning, they were one. The oldest use of the term comes from medieval interpretations and adaptations of Greek philosophy. 7 – February 2001 . anti-realist consequences merely from the fact that two equally good theories could differ in their existence claims. Thank you all for responding to my thread. Each proposition can be related to every other proposition through the relation of consistency partitioning arbitrary well formed logical formulae into consistent and inconsistent models. If things need other things to exist and those things are defined by their relationships with other things, why would relationships themselves be excempt from this rule? I have to use both the frameworks in my research project. There is of course something. This tends to be either scientific or society based… Realism, in philosophy, the view that accords to things that are known or perceived an existence or nature that is independent of whether anyone is thinking about or perceiving them. Ontology is a system of belief that reflects an interpretation by an … I can see people and other stuff. Is it a method of validating the information collected through various methods? Triangulation means using more than one method to collect data on the, same topic. In other words, if all knowledge is subjectively constructed, then the "true" nature of reality doesn't matter, because we can never get outside our socially based constructions. But that evidence is based on only relations, so the premise of "there is something" is unfounded since the same empirical evidence is had in either interpretation. If you take any particular, there will be various different types of relation that apply to it. So I started with something like Ontic Structural Realism, except without the objective realism. Most of the researches are associated with positivism, Interpretivism and not much with criticism. Tegmark did a pretty good job of demonstrating how our universe could be nothing more than such a mathematical structure. Either you accept facts are real independently of the "human mind" (realist), i.e. Imagine that we have access to the set of all particulars and every n-ary (generalised) relation between them (a construction similar to this but allowing 2-morphisms to map to 1-morphisms and introducing such 'cross' relations of arbitrary order and scope). All the evidence indicates that there is something, therefore "there is something" is a more sound premise than "there is nothing". In general, pragmatism proposes a totally different approach to philosophy of knowledge that rejects the value of versions that rely on ontology and epistemology. This reality can also be something that we are going to prove or our view point towards the reality. He apparently feels that ontological positions don't matter so long as you have a clear epistemological position, which in his case would be strongly anti-realist. All the evidence indicates that there is something... How we know what we know is epistemic (the starting point as Descartes showed), it must precede (in time) what we know, our ontology, but once we have decided on our ontological stance, then we can understand how it formed the conditions of our epistemology. As the social division of labour accelerated and knowledge advanced, philosophy and science diverged further and further from each other, bringing us to the situation today. the ontology and epistemology is complex phenomenon to understand the nature of research. We need to draw a clear line between ontology and epistemology. Ontological realism claims that at least a part of reality is ontologically independent of human minds. I guess you should also ask yourself if you truly believe that the things (reality) are constructed by our interpretations. What if there wasn’t? Pragmatism is a deconstructive paradigm that advocates the use of mixed methods in research, “sidesteps the contentious issues of truth and reality” (Feilzer 2010, p. 8), and “focuses instead on ‘what works’ as the truth regarding the research questions under investigation” (Tashakkori & Teddlie 2003b, p. 713). An ontological position refers to the researcher relationship with the reality of his study. You can call it "bias", but it's what I know. This is a spin-off thread from a side discussion in Wayfarer’s thread on particle-wave duality. How Do Nominalists Understand Reality? qualitative research invokes a realist ontology because the research questions asked and the claims made on the basis of such research contain realist assumptions and have realist aspirations. However indeed, corresponding rather popular mainstream philosophical doctrine “constructivist ontology”, in spite of that for any normal human it is, again, evident absurdity, exists quite legitimately in this philosophy. The SS comment to some official paper how physics “measure consciousness” in the Hossein’s project list, a couple of the last SS posts in the thread. it seems can't be answered unless we first agree on what precisely is meant by the terms 'nothing' and 'something.' I think foundationalism/Objectivism/realism can be considered as broader ontological positions. The confluence of realist ontology with constructionist epistemology facilitates a better understanding of evidentiary claims, especially for complex and dynamic environments. objective, or you accept that reality is only subjective (anti-realist). Volume 2, No. To get some background on these two positions, I would start with the Wikipedia entries on: Naive Realism, Scientific Realism, and Relativism. What empirical difference would that make? data but rather to capture different dimensions of the same phenomenon. This physical reality exists independent of you and I, but for you to claim this physical reality is a mathematical structure imposes the very invention of describing the universe you seek to avoid and thus quasi-empirical, particularly since mathematics is limited in articulating all possible realities in a cohesive formal system. - and, as an useful reading, it is desirable to read a few SS posts, Some examples where the indeed philosophy is applied to some fundamental problems in Matter and consciousness see the last SS posts in the threads, - are useful for understanding – what the indeed philosophical SS&VT “The Information as Absolute” conception, As well as it is useful in this case to read some discussion of the conception on the RG, The last SS post, and links in the post, in the thread. The... For Althusser, as we have seen, Marxist philosophy, or Theory (with a capital ‘T’) was supposed to be an indispensable means for any adequate interpretation of the works of Marx (or, indeed, any other text). Crotty (1998) recognises that he omits ontology from the research process but conflates it with epistemology claiming the two are ... Guba and Lincoln (1998) state that constructivist research is relativist, transactional and subjectivist. Putnam goes on to tell us that truth, in an internalist view, is some sort of idealized rational acceptability; it is not correspond-ence (49/50). It may certainly be opposed to various other positions. Either you accept facts are real independently of the "human mind" (realist), i.e. I'll leave the rest for now and we can pick it up in the new thread. This post has two components, one is an attempt to sketch the construction of a ridiculously inclusive mathematical object which serves as the background 'model of things' in the OP, and the other attempts to situate what an ontology is in relation to the ridiculously inclusive object. Because CR principles are usually used to underpin the developme… Numbers are abstract (not real) to us, but relate (are real) to each other. Unsurprisingly that kind of object is not well understood. In addition, there has been significant evolution in what is meant by the term "real". Well, it has a name relative to me, but it isn't a mathematical structure. The exasperated realist thumps the table or kicks a rock, and exclaims that, surely, there is nothing relative about that. Hi all, I'm so delighted to have read your different educative contributions to the above philosophical topic on: Ontology and Epistemology. Is anything interesting gained by asserting the existence of the whole thing or denying it? This suggests that diagnostic nominalism is a rather plausible view.
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