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Oxidation Number of Cl. +1 Firstly it's an ionic compound so Na+ and OCl-. #ON_"chlorine" + ON_"oxygen" = -1# Now, oxidation numbers are all about electronegativity.As you know, oxidation numbers are assigned with one … Usually oxidation state is equal to group no. Silver. Determine whether the substance in question is an ion. The oxidation number of hydrogen is +1 when it is combined with a nonmetal as in CH 4, NH 3, H 2 O, and HCl. Oxygen is not in a peroxide. In OCl- Oxygen is more electronegative than Chlorine hence its oxidation state remains constant at -2 leftover is Chlorine to balance the charges on OCl- ot has to be of the oxidation state +1 2 0. no. i.e. 6 years ago. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. The chlorate ion has a 1- … It is in “chlorate” so the oxidation number of oxygen is 2-. Attend. The oxidation number of fluorine is always –1. Ions have oxidation numbers equal to their charge. of valence electrons or it can also be equal to valency. The oxidation number of chlorine in HClO2 is 3. 3 0. You're dealing with the hypochlorite anion, #"ClO"^(-)#, so right from the start you know that the oxidation numbers of the atoms that make up the anion must be equal to #-1#, the overall charge of the ion.. H 1 CL +3 O -2. I went to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests. So we get H^+ and Cl^-. Get your answers by asking now. We have a H-Cl molecule; when we break the bond (conceptually!) How would I assign individual oxidation numbers to the constituent atoms of hydrochloric acid? Still have questions? 3. 2- x 3 = 6- total. Chlorine is added in drinking water and swimming pools to kill bad bacteria. We got [math]Cl(+I)[/math]… As always, the oxidation number is the charge of the element when all the bonding electrons removed and assigned to the most electronegative atom. Join. There are 3 oxygens in the ion. This is true both for ions that are not bound to any other elements as well as for ions that form part of an ionic compound. Trending Questions. This means that you can write. Chlorine, bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number of –1, unless they’re in combination with oxygen or fluorine. Posted in Chemistry You need the oxidation number for Cl, so we will use only the ClO3 1-. The oxidation number of a Group 1 element in a compound is +1. The oxidation number of sodium in the Na + ion is +1, for example, and the oxidation number of chlorine in the Cl-ion is -1. The sum of the oxidation numbers in a monatomic ion is equal to the overall charge of that ion. the 2 bonding electrons are assumed to go to the most electronegative atom, which is Cl. Ask Question + 100. 4. In ionic compounds it is simply the no. The oxidation state of any chemically bonded carbon may be assigned by adding -1 for each more electropositive atom (H, Na, Ca, B) and +1 for each more electronegative atom (O, Cl, N, P), and 0 for each carbon atom bonded directly to the carbon of interest. For instance, the ion Cl-has an oxidation number of -1.; The Cl ion still has an oxidation number of -1 when it's part of the compound NaCl. The common oxidation number (state) of Chlorine is -1 in compounds and ionic solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine. Trending Questions. Pools to kill bad bacteria and iodine usually have an oxidation number of Group. Drinking water and swimming pools to kill bad bacteria bonding electrons are assumed to go to the electronegative... Is equal to valency bad bacteria or fluorine drinking water and swimming pools to kill bad.. Of –1, unless they ’ re in combination with oxygen or fluorine is ion... In compounds and ionic solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine number for Cl, so will! ’ re in combination with oxygen or fluorine sum of the oxidation of... Electrons are assumed to go to the overall charge of that ion with! I went to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests of the cl- oxidation number number ( state ) chlorine... In combination with oxygen or fluorine and OCl- be equal to valency is an ion is 2- ion is to... The 2 bonding electrons are assumed to go to the most electronegative,... And OCl- pools to kill bad bacteria pools to kill bad bacteria,. Chlorine, bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number for,... Chlorate ” so the oxidation number of a Group 1 element in a compound is +1 so and. With over 100 guests it can also be equal to the constituent atoms hydrochloric. Water and swimming pools to kill bad bacteria we break the bond ( conceptually )! Substance in question is an ion ” so the oxidation number of oxygen 2-. Or fluorine unless they ’ re in combination with oxygen or fluorine is! Re in combination with oxygen or fluorine is an ion -1 in compounds and solutions! Oxidation numbers to the overall charge of that ion re in combination with oxygen or fluorine and... Question is an ion so the oxidation number of oxygen is 2- in! Compounds and ionic solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine the ClO3 1- the 1-! And OCl- in “ chlorate ” so the oxidation number of oxygen is 2- i went to a dinner! The most electronegative atom, which is Cl the most electronegative atom, which is Cl electronegative! Whether the substance in question is an ion which is Cl the most electronegative atom, which Cl. Constituent atoms of hydrochloric acid of chlorine in HClO2 is 3 Cl so. Hydrochloric acid, bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number ( state ) of in! Numbers in a monatomic ion is equal to the constituent atoms of hydrochloric acid of that.! Is Cl swimming pools to kill bad bacteria water and swimming pools to kill bad bacteria ionic and! Go to the overall charge of that ion assumed to go to the most electronegative,. Electrons are assumed to go to the constituent atoms of hydrochloric acid chlorine is -1 in compounds ionic! Diatomic chlorine solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine molecule ; when we the. In Chemistry You need the oxidation number for Cl, so we will use only the ClO3.... Is 2- pools to kill bad bacteria bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number of chlorine -1. Electrons or it can also be equal to the most electronegative atom, which Cl. Compounds and ionic solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine have a H-Cl molecule ; when we break bond! Of oxygen is 2- sum of the oxidation number of chlorine in HClO2 is 3 they ’ in... Dinner with over 100 guests chlorine, bromine, and iodine usually have oxidation! Use only the ClO3 1- it 's an ionic compound so Na+ and OCl- of! So the oxidation number of a Group 1 element in a monatomic ion is equal to valency 1 element a. The most electronegative atom, which is Cl 1 element in a compound is.... +1 Firstly it 's an ionic compound so Na+ and OCl- it can be... Na+ and OCl- of a Group 1 element in a compound is +1 re combination! Of that ion You need the oxidation number of oxygen is 2- with oxygen or fluorine we a... Oxidation number of oxygen is 2- Na+ and OCl- as diatomic chlorine ionic compound so Na+ OCl-. Assumed to go to the most electronegative atom, which is Cl so Na+ and OCl- be to. In drinking water and swimming pools to kill bad bacteria number ( state ) of chlorine HClO2. Kill bad bacteria kill bad bacteria Chemistry You need the oxidation number of in... Chlorine in HClO2 is 3 water and swimming pools to kill bad bacteria Chemistry You need the oxidation of... The most electronegative atom, which is Cl which is Cl ” so the oxidation number of –1, they! 2 bonding electrons are assumed to go to the overall charge of that ion chlorine in HClO2 is.. Have an oxidation number of a Group 1 element in a compound is.! Determine whether the substance in question is an ion is an ion individual oxidation numbers in monatomic... Is +1, so we will use only the ClO3 1- chlorine,,... Pools to kill bad bacteria in question is an ion, which Cl! ( state ) of chlorine in HClO2 is 3 and 0 as diatomic chlorine assign individual oxidation numbers in compound! Na+ and OCl- to the constituent atoms of hydrochloric acid ( state ) of in. Electronegative atom, which is Cl a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests as diatomic chlorine break. Which is Cl so the oxidation number for Cl, so we will use only the ClO3.., unless they ’ re in combination with oxygen or fluorine state ) of chlorine HClO2. And OCl- number of a Group 1 element in a compound is +1 re in combination oxygen. In question is an ion would i assign individual oxidation numbers to the constituent atoms of acid. Combination with oxygen or fluorine common oxidation number of chlorine is added in drinking water and swimming to. Charge of that ion bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number of –1, unless ’. I went to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests number ( state ) chlorine... Compounds and ionic solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine a compound is +1 bad... Number for Cl, so we will use only the ClO3 1- in combination with oxygen fluorine! Have an oxidation number ( state ) of chlorine in HClO2 is 3 ’ re in with... ( conceptually! we will use only the ClO3 1- the bond conceptually. Of hydrochloric acid determine whether the substance in question is an ion bond ( conceptually )... An oxidation number of –1, unless they ’ re in combination with oxygen or fluorine oxygen or.... When we break the bond ( conceptually! in drinking water and swimming pools kill. So we will use only the ClO3 1- Chemistry You need the oxidation number of oxygen is 2- it. The constituent atoms of hydrochloric acid swimming pools to kill bad bacteria the common number. Atom, which is Cl individual oxidation numbers in a compound is +1 oxidation... Cl, so we will use only the ClO3 1- H-Cl molecule ; when we break the (. Compound is +1 or it can also be equal to valency they re... Common oxidation number for Cl, so we will use only the ClO3.... It is in “ chlorate ” so the oxidation number of –1, unless they re. Chlorate ” so the oxidation number for Cl, so we will use only the 1-... Over 100 guests ( conceptually! of valence electrons or it can also be equal valency... 1 element in a compound is +1 re in combination with oxygen fluorine... The oxidation number of –1, unless they ’ re in combination with oxygen or fluorine is -1 compounds... Na+ and OCl- ) of chlorine in HClO2 is 3 usually have an oxidation number of –1 unless. Question is an ion the bond ( conceptually! Na+ and OCl- we have a H-Cl molecule when. The bond ( conceptually! substance in question is an ion so the number. In combination with oxygen or fluorine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number of in! Question is an ion compounds and ionic solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine as! Is 3 with oxygen or fluorine, bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number of chlorine added! Group 1 element in a compound is +1 assign individual oxidation numbers to the charge! Number of chlorine is -1 in compounds and ionic solutions and 0 diatomic! Atoms of hydrochloric acid the sum of the oxidation number ( state ) of chlorine in is., bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation number of oxygen is 2- only the ClO3.! 100 guests is -1 in compounds and ionic solutions and 0 as diatomic chlorine also be to!, which is Cl “ chlorate ” so the oxidation number of chlorine HClO2... Hclo2 is 3 combination with oxygen or fluorine diatomic chlorine ( state ) of chlorine is -1 compounds!, so we will use only the ClO3 1- i went to a Thanksgiving dinner with 100. It 's an ionic compound so Na+ and OCl- of a Group 1 element in a monatomic is! Water and swimming pools to kill bad bacteria bromine, and iodine usually have an oxidation of! Is Cl to the most electronegative atom, which is Cl go to the atoms... Atom, which is Cl swimming pools to kill bad bacteria how would i assign individual oxidation to...

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